Geology and Mineral Resources serves as Virginia's geological survey. We perform investigations aimed at reducing risk from geologic hazards and encouraging sustainable development through the wise use of mineral, land, water, and energy resources. In addition to publishing maps and reports, we maintain repositories of geological and geophysical data, as well as rock, fossil, and core samples. With our staff of experienced geoscientists, we are uniquely positioned to provide expert assistance in matters pertaining to the geology and mineral resources of the Commonwealth. Learn more about us »
Maps, Publications and Data
Geology and Mineral Resources provides geologic, energy, and mineral resource information to its customers. This information is available for free download or for purchase in the form of geologic maps, geologic reports, and digital data. Click image below to learn more.
Geology and Mineral Resources is currently working on a variety of projects related to geologic investigations throughout Virginia. In addition to researching mineral and energy resources, our geologists produce geologic maps to expand and improve our understanding of Virginia's complex and rich geologic history. Many of our projects are a collaborative effort between the professional science community and other state and federal agencies. Learn more here »
Rocks, Minerals and Fossils
Virginia has experienced a long and complex geologic history. Over a billion years of dynamic events have shaped the landscape we see today and influenced other aspects of Virginia's natural and cultural history. Each rock, mineral and fossil can help us read this fascinating geologic autobiography of Virginia. Click the links above to browse a few of the most common and popular rocks, fossils and minerals. Click on the image below to learn more.
Virginia’s diverse geology provides a wealth of opportunities in the form of mineral and energy resources. The historic contributions of these resources to economic growth in Virginia is measured not only in the dollar value of the minerals produced each year, but also in the direct and indirect benefits of jobs created, support industries, new business opportunities, and revenues for local governments providing community services. Click on the images below to learn more.
The term “geologic hazard” encompasses a broad range of naturally occurring circumstances that pose a threat to human health, safety, and property. Some of these hazards occur as sudden and catastrophic events, while others are slow and insidious processes. Each depends on a unique set of geological conditions. Learn more about Geologic Hazards in Virginia here »
Land Use Planning
In 1996, the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Virginia amended state statutes governing localities’ comprehensive planning to include mineral resources among the key considerations in planning for future growth (Code of Virginia §15.2-2224). Shortly thereafter, Virginia Energy responded with a proactive program to deliver geologic and mineral resources information to over 130 county, municipal, and regional planning authorities to help meet the update schedules of the planning offices that typically review their comprehensive plan documents for needed changes every five years. Learn more about Land-Use Planning in Virginia here»